Missouri Federal Criminal Defense

Federal Criminal Defense Attorneys Tenaciously Defending the Rights of the Accused in St. Louis, Springfield, and all of Missouri

Many people in Missouri hire Oberheiden, P.C. when they are the target of a U.S Department of Justice, the FBI, the DEA, the OIG, a qui tam “whistleblower” lawsuit, or an Internal Revenue Services (IRS) audit. Clients in St. Louis, Jefferson City, Kansas City, Hannibal, Cape Girardeau, Joplin, Saint Joseph, Springfield, and surrounding community know they can count on our extensive experience and our track record. Oberheiden, P.C. is a federal criminal defense firm.

  • 1000 Federal Criminal Cases Handled
  • An Entire Team of Former Federal Prosecutors Helping You
  • We Avoided Charges, Dismissed Charges, Obtained Trial Acquittals

Although no one welcomes the need to fight allegations of illegal activity, the task of taking on powerful federal law enforcement agencies and skilled federal prosecutors is particularly intimidating. An array of challenges awaits efforts to avoid the massive federal fines/penalties, incarceration, and other consequences associated with a conviction of federal criminal charges. The aspects of criminal prosecutions in the federal court system that raise the specter of steeper sentences and a higher risk of conviction have been magnified by recent changes in the policies of the DOJ and other federal agencies.

The Missouri federal criminal defense attorneys at Oberheiden, P.C. have been defending the rights of the criminally accused and taking on the federal government for decades. While our law firm has obtained wide recognition for representing healthcare professionals and medical industry businesses, we have defended against every federal law enforcement agency. Our firm employs several lawyers who had distinguished careers as prosecutors with the U.S. Attorney’s Office and the DOJ. Individuals across the nation from all walks seek to retain our law firm.

Unparalleled Experience & Insider Knowledge of Federal Agencies

When you are fighting for your future against the federal government, experience constitutes the most precious litigation resource. Oberheiden, P.C. offers extensive experience in federal cases.

  • Nick Oberheiden: As the founding partner of Oberheiden, P.C., Nick has acquired a national reputation as a leading authority in the areas of federal litigation, criminal procedures, and white-collar and healthcare law. He has worked extensively defending cases involving a wide range of crimes, such as:
    • Public Corruption
    • Computer Crimes
    • Mail Fraud
    • Bribery
    • Money Laundering
    • Federal Conspiracy
    • Other Federal Offenses

Our law firm was developed with a focus on defending parties that have drawn the attention of federal law enforcement. We are staffed with several former lawyers with agencies like the DOJ and the U.S. Attorney’s Office. Our lawyers have over seventy years of collective experience within the Department of Justice. Because our lawyers have worked closely with federal law enforcement agencies like the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), and other federal law enforcement, our approach to defending clients is proactive rather than reactive. We anticipate the tactics of federal agents, which allow us to effectively defend the rights of our clients while building the best defense.

Exceptional Success Representing Providers of Healthcare and Medical Services and Products

Our Missouri federal criminal defense lawyers handle the full spectrum of crimes in federal court. We have a national reputation for defending allegations of engaging in healthcare fraud. We understand that most physicians, pharmacy owners, and other healthcare professionals do not anticipate receiving a federal grand jury subpoena or a target letter. Nonetheless, federal authorities have concentrated their efforts on white-collar offenses and other financial crimes that affect public funds in recent years. If you are being investigated by the federal government for healthcare fraud, you face exposure to severe penalties that include:

  • Imprisonment in a federal penitentiary
  • Lasting damage to your reputation
  • Suspension or loss of your professional license
  • Criminal record
  • Obligation of repayment
  • Fines, penalties, and costs of litigation
  • Loss of ability to participate in Medicare/Medicaid

Our experienced federal trial attorneys serving Missouri have vast experience handling all types of cases against individuals and companies in the healthcare industry. Our legal expertise and seasoning representing healthcare professionals have empowered us to diagnose weaknesses in the prosecutor’s case and improper procedures by law enforcement. We have a thorough knowledge of the statutory elements of healthcare offenses, affirmative defenses, safe harbor provisions, and procedural issues that can be used creatively and effectively to avoid civil or criminal liability.

Enhanced law enforcement tools aimed at investigating and prosecuting fraud increases the probability that healthcare providers will face a civil qui tam action or criminal charges. For example, Medicare Fraud Strike Force Teams utilize the combined manpower and resources of local, state, and federal law enforcement and data analytics. These specialized law enforcement units combine investigative intelligence with data analytics. This information might lead to the OIG referring credible allegations of healthcare fraud to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). CMS will then suspend payments to the target.

Our law firm represents doctors, urgent care treatment centers, long-term care facilities, compound pharmacies, mental health facilities, home healthcare agencies, drug treatment facilities, and others accused under the many federal laws aimed at preventing financial abuse and conflicts of interest. Our law firm defends against the full spectrum of improper conduct by individuals and businesses in the medical services and products sector, such as:

  • Medicare/Medicaid fraud
  • Upcoding & unbundling
  • Billing for phantom services
  • Fraudulently certifying patients as home bound
  • Improper prescriptions of medications like opioids
  • Granting waivers of deductibles and co-pays
  • Overutilization of medical services
  • Buy-back of prescription medications
  • Prescriptions not intended to be filled
  • Bribes for referrals of Medicare/Medicaid patients or services
  • Physician conflicts of interest
  • Lack of medical necessity
  • Fraudulent reporting of medical procedures
  • Illegal prescription/distribution of medications

Healthcare providers and suppliers trust us to take on the federal government in cases involving healthcare fraud because less than two percent of our clients facing federal grand jury investigations, OIG subpoenas, or a target letter since 2012 were referred for prosecution. Although many clients seek us out because of our success at trial, we also have obtained overwhelming results in Medicare & Medicaid audits. Our lawyers have successfully shielded our clients facing RAC, ZPIC, and Medicaid audits from referral to the United States Attorney’s Office.

Our team of more than a dozen attorneys brings exhaustive experience with federal regulatory agencies that conduct investigations and prosecutions. This background allows us to have unique insight into weaknesses in federal prosecutor cases, common federal law enforcement mistakes, subtle aspects of statutory safe harbor provisions, and other factors essential to an effective defense in healthcare fraud cases. Since our lawyers have investigated similar cases in the past as former prosecutors, we understand where to concentrate our attention when scrutinizing and attacking forensic tests, law enforcement procedures, search and seizures, and the questioning of our clients. This background litigating many cases involving civil or criminal liability in federal court has equipped our Missouri federal defense attorneys with the capacity to dissect the prosecutor’s case to pursue the best possible outcome for our clients.

Why Individuals and Corporations Under a Cloud of Suspicion Trust Oberheiden, P.C.

Oberheiden, P.C. brings many special traits and a unique background often referenced by clients that seek us out after they learn they must take on powerful federal authorities. Some of the key factors that lead clients to choose us include:

Proven Success in Criminal Cases: While many law firms laud their success and experience in federal court, we can site hard data demonstrating our preeminence. We have successfully represented clients in federal criminal cases across two thirds of all U.S. states, including Missouri. Our clients know we do not shy away from trial because we have represented clients in over 500 criminal trials. We have repeatedly convinced prosecutors not to move forward or to dismiss returned grand jury indictments.

Thorough Knowledge of Federal Court: We have effectively represented clients in internal investigations, audits, federal investigations, and against federal indictments. Our attorneys have defended hundreds of clients who have received grand jury subpoenas and handled more than 1,000 federal criminal cases. Nick Oberheiden regularly appears on Missouri media stations because of his reputation as a federal lawyer. He also is the author of widely published books and articles regarding these issues.

Protecting Professional Licenses & Careers: Not one of our clients subject to a provider audit has been referred to the U.S. Attorney’s Office for prosecution. Each of our clients facing such an audit also kept their professional license.

Our seasoning, legal acumen, and extensive litigation resources have equipped our firm to handle the broad scope of federal crimes, such as:

  • Healthcare Fraud
  • Obstructing Federal Audits
  • IRS/Tax Offenses
  • Major Drug Crimes
  • White-Collar Crimes
  • Corruption/Bribery
  • RICO
  • Lying to a Federal Agent
  • Federal Weapons Offenses
  • Mortgage Fraud
  • Crimes Involving Children
  • Manslaughter/Murder
  • Sex Trafficking
  • Insurance Fraud
  • Destroying Corporate Audit Records
  • Stark Law Violations
  • Federal Civil Rights Offenses/Hate Crimes
  • Importing/Exporting Narcotics
  • SEC Violations
  • Embezzlement
  • Subornation of Perjury
  • Wire Fraud
  • Computer Crimes
  • Obstruction of Justice
  • Bankruptcy Fraud
  • Credit Card Fraud
  • Terrorism/Harboring Terrorists
  • Environmental Offenses Against Corporations
  • Money Laundering
  • Misrepresentations Regarding Healthcare Matters
  • Arson
  • Crimes Across State Lines
  • Mail Fraud
  • Witness Tampering
  • Conspiracy
  • Weapons Charges

FAQs Regarding Defense Against Federal Crimes and Civil Penalties in Missouri

What charges might I face if I am alleged to have engaged in healthcare fraud?


There are many federal crimes that healthcare providers and medical businesses could face depending on the specific facts and circumstances. Some of the statutes federal prosecutors might use include but are not limited to the following:

  • Stark Law: The Stark Law forbids doctors from referring Medicare or Medicaid patients to an entity providing designated health services if the physician (or a family member) has a financial relationship with the entity. If a defendant is found civilly liable under this statute, the individual will be compelled to pay back any amount obtained in violation of this mandate. Penalties as high as $15,000 per service also can be imposed. Our Missouri federal defense attorneys have successfully advocated for clients under this law based on several statutory exceptions.
  • False Claims Act: While the DOJ often pursues civil actions under this law that are initiated by “whistleblowers,” this statute also can be the basis for imposing criminal liability. Even if you are facing an action for civil liability under the statute, the financial consequences can be staggering. This statute authorizes treble damages and a civil penalty of $21,563 per false claim. A key reason clients give for retaining our law firm includes the fact not one of our clients has been subject to civil or criminal liability under the FCA after retaining our law firm.
  • Criminal Healthcare Fraud Statute: Healthcare providers and suppliers can be criminally liable for defrauding a healthcare benefit program or using misrepresentations to obtain this result. Conviction under this statute carries a punishment of up to 10 years in prison and a fine of $500,000 or double the amount obtained illegally.
  • Anti-Kickback Statute: This federal law forbids promising or providing any form of compensation for Medicare or Medicaid business. Violation of this law constitutes a felony punishable by up to a five-year period of incarceration and a $25,000 fine. Our law firm might defend against allegations under this statute by arguing the conduct at issue is protected under the statute’s”safe harbor” provisions.

Should I try to clear things up by talking to federal investigators if I have not done anything wrong?


State and federal prisons are overflowing with people that relied on this strategy. Even if you think you have not committed a criminal offense, you might have engaged in conduct or an arrangement that could expose you to civil or criminal liability. Further, misrepresentations to a federal investigator could subject you to criminal liability independent of the underlying charge. The best practice is never to speak with law enforcement officers or federal agents without an experienced and skilled Missouri criminal defense lawyer present to protect your rights.

Our Leading Federal Criminal Defense Law Firm Will Fight Aggressively for You

Whether you are the subject of a returned federal indictment or merely an ongoing investigation, our lawyers tenaciously fight for the rights of the criminally accused in pursuit of the best possible outcome for our clients. At Oberheiden, P.C., our attorneys our experienced federal criminal defense trial lawyers. Call us at 888-680-1745 or request a free case evaluation online now to discuss your options.

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